Why and what of AMPS
To translate the grand ideals of P.R Sarkar into practice. A socio-spiritual movement with a two-folded mission that states as "self-realization and service to all". His system of spiritual practice has been described as a practical synthesis of Vedic and Tantric philosophies.
Spirituality to become part of people's day-to-day life and through progressive services providing the scope for them to do so. Such as children getting Education in the true sense, extensive Relief and social Welfare are carried out wherever urgently needed. An organizational system which is based on the needs of the human society in general and the poor and the needy in particular.
The emphasis is based on an extensive membership drive of creating sincere and dedicated men and women. Service is to serve all with the ideation of Greatness. And that only through Sadhana, Service and Sacrifice can a human being become great and enlightened.
"Sadhana" is "the effort to complete". From Sarkar's standpoint as a human being has a developed consciousness which other beings don't have they must perform daily sadhana otherwise they do not merit the human form. It is through "sadhana" that a human being will be able to realize his/her intrinsic spiritual nature and thereby completely develop his/her all-round personality which is a blend of physical, psychic and spiritual aspects.
Structure and organization of AMPS
AMPS is somewhat unique in having a strictly hierarchical composition that seeks a balanced yet full integration of renunciates with householders in a disciplined, coordinated cooperation. To implement this complex arrangement, Sarkar distinguished the structural and the organizational sides of AMPS.
Structural side of AMPS
The structural side of AMPS is the hierarchical command structure. It mostly consists of wholetimers (WTs) and local full-timers (LFTs). WTs are the renunciates of AMPS, either brahmacarii/brahmacarinii (novice renunciates) or avadhuta/avadhutika (senior renunciates). LFTs are mostly young Margiis who have successfully undergone some training but are not (yet) prepared to commit to a life of celibacy. In fact, LFTs may continue in that capacity even after marriage.
In addition to WTs and LFTs, there are also some Purna Kalika Bandhus (full-time friends), PKBs. These are retired householders who have dedicated the rest of their lives to missionary work.
AMPS workers in the command structure (WTs, LFTs, and PKBs) are bound by some additional conduct rules that the general margiis do not have. Not only that, WTs have many more rules than LFTs and PKBs. These additional conduct rules mostly pertain to the standard of organizational discipline expected of these workers, but they also demand a very high standard of character and a universal social outlook.
The command structure of AMPS flows from the Central/Global level to the Sectorial level (the world being divided into nine sectors) to the Regional level and then to the Diocese level. Dioceses are divided into Districts, Districts into Blocks, Blocks into Panchayets (groups of villages), and Panchayets into Grams (villages).
The command structure of AMPS is largely driven by these supplementary conduct rules as well as an abundance of procedure orders, found in various guidebooks applicable to the different organizations, departments, or trades on the different levels (sectorial, regional, diocese, district, and so on). Sarkar himself dictated most of these procedure orders. Many of the procedure orders are public, but some are internal (confidential).
Organizational side of AMPS
The organizational side of AMPS consists of elected organizational positions and some elected top-level boards. There are also advisory committees and boards (ACBs) for various departments as well as some executive committees and boards, all of which are typically constituted by an elected officeholder. For example, the Purodha Pramukha (the highest authority in AMPS), the Purodha Board, and the Central Committee are all elected by the body of all recognized Purodhas (purodhas in good organizational standing). The Purodha Pramukha is the ex-officio chairperson of the Purodha Board and also the ex-officio president of the Central Committee (often referred to as the president of Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha). As president of the Central Committee, the Purodha Pramukha has the duty and authority to form the Central Executive. The chairperson of the Central Executive Committee is the General Secretary of AMPS. The General Secretary has broad administrative and judicial powers.
Similarly, the tattvikas, acaryas, and avadhutas of AMPS have their elected boards to manage "all rules and regulations, punishment, discipline, and everything else regarding" themselves (subject to the approval of the Purodha Pramukha).
On the grass-roots level, the Bhukti Pradhana (a district or county head), Upabhukti Pramukha, Panchayat Pramukha, and Gram Pramukha are all elected positions. On the bhukti level, there is also an elected Bhukti General Committee, of which the Bhukti Pradhan is the ex-officio chairperson. In a similar manner as the Purodha Pramukha forms the Central Executive Committee, the Bhukti Pradhan forms the Bhukti Executive Committee. As with all of the above, broad guidelines are to be found in Caryacarya Part 1.
Scope of AMPS
Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha consists of a conglomeration of 18 wings or departments under a single heading called Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha General as well as a broad service-oriented department, the Education, Relief, and Welfare Section.
Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha General
January 9 1955 Sarkar officially inaugurated the Samgha. The aim of the organization was two-fold: self-liberation and all-round service.
Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha General (AMPS General) consists of 18 departments—
|1. Commerce||2. Construction||3. Dharma Pracar||4. Farm||5. Finance||6. Food and Care|
|7. Industry||8. ISMUB||9. Jagriti||10. Land||11. Master Unit||12. Press and Printing|
|13. Publications||14. Public Relations||15. Renaissance Universal||16. Society Building||17. Social Security||18. Women`s Welfare|
Education, Relief, and Welfare Section
In year 1963, Education, Relief, and Welfare Section (ERAWS) of AMPS was founded. The service activities, such as schools, orphanages, and emergency relief work that had begun from the inception of AMPS henceforth were managed by ERAWS.
The Education, Relief, and Welfare Section (ERAWS) department consists of 5 major sections:
- Education (with three branches: E1, E2, and E3)
- Relief (with three branches: R1, R2 (Ananda Marga Universal Relief Team), and R3)
- Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and Plants (PCAP) and Cheap Literature (CL)
- Tribal People's Welfare (TPW) and Ek Manav Samaj (EMS)
AMPS around globe
| Delhi Sector
India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Srilanka
| Suva Sector
Australia and New Zealand
| Berlin Sector
Global AM and Trade related news and subjects.
| Hong Kong Sector
China, Taiwan, Japan, and Mongolia
| New York Sector
USA, Canada, Mexico, Venezuela and Haiti
| Kahira Sector
Greece, Croatia, Albania, North Africa, and Middle East
World issues and matters related or affecting the societies.
| Manila Sector
South East Asia
| George Town Sector
| Nairobi Sector